Violets and Amaranth

Eating weeds and gaining grains: an adventure in eating


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Pie Crust Evolution (the annual flour blend)

Over the recent holidays, I perfected my pie crust.  I was so excited.  Every pie came out perfect- a good blend of flaky and yet it held together.  Yes, my gluten-free crust held together.  I know I’ve blogged about pie crust here before, but this year I learned to cut back on tapioca flour.  I’ve observed that tapioca flour carries some of the characteristics of, well, tapioca.  Think boba or bubble tea, and then eat something with a lot of tapioca flour, and you’ll see what I mean.  That said, tapioca flour is certainly useful, especially when you cook without egg or gluten, but in pie, or even bread and cakes, there is a limit to how chewy you want the crumb to be.  For a few years I was making my baked goods too chewy, and now I’m experimenting with finding a more subtle texture.

What’s the difference?  In 2014 I discovered coconut flour and discontinued using sorghum flour altogether.  Why? I’ve never liked the taste of sorghum flour, even though it added some binding and protein to the mix.  Also, the Enjoy Life company stopped using sorghum and switched to millet.  I emailed to ask why, since we can’t have millet, and they said it is hard to source sorghum that is guaranteed soy-free, which we also can’t have.  Around this time I found coconut flour, and while a very little goes a long way (seriously, never use more than about 1/4 cup at a go), it adds binding and fiber to the mix, and it absorbs liquid really well, which I think helps prevent chewiness.  It also seems to help the baked product keep its shape, even without egg.  Tree nut allergies are one set of allergies we don’t worry about here.

Through all of this I realized that every year I come up with a new flour blend for standard baked goods.  Now that there are so many pre-blended all purpose gluten free flours on the market, I keep wondering if I should just experiment with those and give up blending my own, but, for now, I like the control and the ability to keep learning about the properties of different flours.

The go-to flour blend of 2014 ends up being….

  • 2 parts sweet rice flour- sweet rice flour has glutinous properties (without the gluten!).  It makes for a nice texture, but helps the baked good stick together.  It isn’t sticky enough though for egg-free baking all by itself
  • 1 part tapioca flour- like I said, I didn’t get rid of it all together, I just try to keep it in check, never more than about 1/2 cup per recipe
  • 1/2 part coconut flour- up to 1/4 cup.  Never more, or the coconut taste takes over and it’s too heavy.  Coconut flour is very high in fiber.
  • 1/2 part potato starch- this seems to give baked good structure without making them too sticky. Like the sweet rice flour it brings some lift and lightness to the blend.

What will 2015 bring?  No idea.  But I’m interested in exploring modified tapioca starch.  I’ve heard good things about it for making bread.  I’m still trying out good bread recipes.  I’m just not happy yet with breads, but who knows, maybe 2015 is the year.  But enough about bread and flours, on to the pie.

This recipe evolved thanks in part to a Good Eats episode on pie crust, and the book Allergy-Free Deserts by Elizabeth Gordon.  The end result isn’t like either of their recipes, but I’m an academic and I like to cite my sources 😉

This is a double recipe and makes enough for about 2 pies, or enough to make at least a dozen pie jars.  Seriously, if you’ve never made pie jars before- do it.  Just remember to use the wide mouth jelly jars and you are in business.  That was our 2014 homemade gift to co-workers and teachers.  I made them all apple-quince-cranberry pie jars.  They were a big hit.

Flaky Gluten Free Pie Crust

  • 2 sticks butter, chilled
  • ½ cup ice water, aproximate, will depend on the day
  • ¼ cup coconut flour
  • 1 ½ cup sweet rice flour
  • ¼ cup Tapioca Flour, plus more for rolling
  • 1 teaspoon xanthan gum
  • ½ teaspoon table salt

1. In the bowl of a food processor, combine flours, xanthan gum, and salt by pulsing 3 to 4 times. Add butter and pulse 8 to 10 times until texture looks coarse.

2. Dice the butter and measure out the water.  Place both in the refrigerator while you prepare the flour

3. Remove lid of food processor and drizzle the surface of mixture with water. Replace lid and pulse about 5 times. Add more water and pulse again repeating until mixture forms a ball when pulsed. Place mixture in large zip-top bag, squeeze together until it forms a ball, and then press into a rounded disk and refrigerate for 30 minutes.

4. Remove dough from refrigerator. Place a little less than half of the dough in a pie bag and sprinkle both sides with flour. Roll out with a rolling pin to a 10 to 11-inch circle, making the dough about 1/8 to 1/4 inch thick. When rolling, roll in one direction only and rotate the dough and 1/8th of a turn with each roll, until the dough is large enough to fit a pie plate. If the dough is too thick when it reaches the right diameter, put less dough in the bag for rolling.

5. Open the bag again and set a pie pan on top of dough. Turn everything upside down and peel plastic from bottom of dough. Trim edges if necessary, leaving an edge. If the dough cracks, just press it back together.

For blind baking: poke holes in dough and place in refrigerator for 15 minutes.  Preheat the oven to 425 degrees.  Place a large piece of parchment paper on top of dough and fill with dry beans. Press beans into edges of dough and bake in the oven for 10 minutes. Remove parchment and beans and continue baking until golden in color, approximately 10 to 15 minutes longer. Remove from oven and place on cooling rack. Let cool completely before filling.

For filling right away:  Fill raw dough with your favorite topping and bake per your recipe’s directions. Use the extra dough to roll out a top.

Remember- leftover dough stores well in the freezer until the next time you need pie crust.

 Sorry no photos this time either.  I never think to take pictures of the food anymore!  This recipe isn’t very hard.  Go make your own pie and then you’ll now what it looks like.  Feel free to post a picture below 🙂  Have a lovely rest of winter!


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Interesting article

I’ve been way off line lately.  I’m working a few hours a week and still growing these kids and the garden and working with a local CSA which is all enough to keep me busy. I don’t have a recipe this post although I’ve got some to share. I do have an article though. For those of you who have struggled with the mental health side of gluten intolerance, you’ll appreciate it.

Getting used to blogging via a mobile ap.  Thanks for your patience while I do so.

The gluten made her do it: How going gluten free saved my daughter’s mental health – Anchorage Press: Anchorage Press News

http://www.anchoragepress.com/news/the-gluten-made-her-do-it-how-going-gluten-free/article_39e2478e-4585-11e2-a80c-0019bb2963f4.html?TNNoMobile


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Thanksgiving Redux

It was a great Thanksgiving in our corner of the world.  We’ve been gluten-free for a little over 2 years and this is the first Thanksgiving that there was no cross contamination, no after dinner reactions.  Just a lovely visit with family and good food. A sample of our menu:

Pulled pork (who needs turkey?)- tastes great as is, with BBQ sauce, or with enchilada sauce

Baked sweet potato or mashed potato

Cranberries and jello

Soft Bread- I tried the Brown Bread from the Complete Allergy-Free Comfort Foods Book by Elizabeth Gordon.  We made it with hard cider rather than beer, since we have a hops allergy here.  Wow is all I can say.  It was a great, soft bread.  Even if it tasted like apples from the cider.

Cooked Carrots

Pumpkin Pie.  We made a pie crust, only instead of butter, I used 6 tablespoons palm shortening and 2 tablespoons coconut oil.  Then we used this pumpkin custard using flax for the eggs and agave for the sugar.  Yum!

Gluten-Free, Dairy-Free Chex Mix- how hard could it be?  It was really easy:

  • 4 ½ cups Rice Chex
  • 4 ½ cups Corn Chex
  • 1 cup gluten-free snack chips , Snikidinks work well or find a dairy-free snack chip
  • 1 cup gluten-free lentil crackers, pepper flavor is good, broken into bite size pieces
  • 1 cup peanuts, optional
  • 6 tablespoons butter or canola oil
  • 2 tablespoons Worcestershire sauce
  • 1 ½ teaspoons salt
  • ¾ teaspoon garlic powder
  • ½ teaspoon onion powder
Preheat oven to 250.
2.Combine Chex, chips, crackers and peanuts in a 13×9 pan and set aside.
3.If using butter, melt and add the Worcestershire sauce and spices to the butter or oil. Stir until well combined.
4.Pour the seasoning mixture over the Chex mixture and toss until everything is coated.
5.Bake for an hour, stirring every 15 minutes.

There you have it.  Christmas baking here I come!

What was your Thanksgiving success story?  If you have a great recipe share it in the comments section.


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Pie, Pie, in July- and that’s no lie

The days have been busy here!  But, I have made a new discoveries lately in the pie and ice cream departments.  Both make me very happy!

First on deck was the great pie crust discovery.   Since going gluten-free we have struggled and struggled to find a good pie crust recipe.  I have one now.  It works like wheat flour crust, but it is gluten-free.  We’ve made several pies, and they all come out flaky and light, like real pie crust.  My grandma even liked it, and she makes the best pie crust in the world.

How did I do it?  The flour blend did it.  Otherwise I followed regular pie crust making protocol, like you might find in Elizabeth Gordon’s Allergy-Free Deserts, or even from Alton Brown’s method.  Honestly, I find the two of them to be quite similar, and in the end I blended the two sets of directions.  If I understand copyright correctly, I can give you my list of ingredients, which is different from either of the above sources.  To get the directions on what to do with the ingredients, follow the link or go get the book.  Either way, you’ll be happy- I promise.

Ingredients for a perfect gluten-free pie crust:

Makes 1 1/3 crusts and the left over freeze, thaw, and roll well.

  • 6 tablespoons butter, place in freezer while assembling the rest of the ingredients
  • 2 tablespoons palm shortening, place in freezer while assembling the rest of the ingredients
  • ** if you are dairy-free, use 6 tablespoons palm shortening and 2 tablespoons coconut oil**
  • 1 cup flour blend, plus extra tapioca starch for rolling dough
    • 1/4 cup sorghum flour
    • 1/4 cup sweet rice flour
    • 1/2 tapioca starch
  • 1 teaspoon xanthan gum
  • ½ teaspoon kosher salt
  • ¼ cup ice water, approximate, will depend on the day

Follow basic pie crust directions, and I tell you, you have pie.  I pulse it in the food processor, drizzling in water as I go, until a ball forms and sticks together.  If you add too much water, just add a bit more tapioca starch.  I find this rolls like a dream.

Rolled Out Pie Crust- hard to see since it is the same color as the counter top

“Well thanks for the crust recipe, but in case you haven’t noticed, we’re in the middle of a heat wave.  No way I’m turning my oven on.”

Funny you should say that.  You don’t have to turn the oven on.  You can grill this pie!

All you have to do is place the dough in the bottom of a cast iron dutch oven.

Bottom Crust Ready for Filling

Fill with the fruit or whatever of your choice and put top crust on. Then cover with the lid. Place on tops of dying coals after say, a nice dinner grilled out. Put a 1/2 batch of freshly lit coals on top of the lid. Cover the grill and cook for about 40 minutes to 1 hour. depending on how hot your coals are.  I don’t think you’ll be disappointed.

Grilled Pie

Now what could be finer than a little pie a la mode?  I just read through Jeni’s Splendid Ice Creams at Home, yes, read it like a book.  It is that good.  The ice creams are mostly all egg and gluten-free (yay!) and the macaroons are gluten-free as well- BUT they are nut and egg based.  She also gives recipes for ice cream cones and fortune cookies- two recipes that should be easy to adapt to gluten-free flours.

I have made several of her sorbets and have her beet ice cream freezing in my freezer as I type.  Everything has tasted great so far!  The big bonus being that her ice creams actually scoop unlike all the other homemade ice cream recipes I’ve tried.  I’m not even using an ice cream maker.  I’m doing it the lazy way- putting it in a container, and stir every hour for three hours.  It doesn’t get as much air that way, but it will work if you don’t have a maker.

One last summer thought.  Have you found a good gluten-free ice cream sandwich recipe?  If not, check this link out.  When I make it, I use flax steeped in water for the eggs and sweet rice flour for where she calls for “rice flour”.  They come out great.  Rather than cut them by hand, I roll them like pie dough and use a biscuit cutter to cut uniform circles out of the dough.  They freeze well.

Enjoy summer!  I hope you’ve got a great link to fresh produce and that you can enjoy the flavors of summer!


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Growing

Spring is finally here for real, and that has meant time spent in the garden.  A lot is popping up around here, and I recently had a few good conversations with people who reminded me I should get posting again about our efforts to eat local and eat our weedies!

Growing our Local Eating

Eating locally and eating seasonally works for me. I like that every three months I change the batch of recipes I pull from (with a few year-round standards of course). I like that what I’m eating tends to be cheaper because its in season and locally available. I like that there is a rhythm. Eating local makes me more mindful of where our food comes from, how it is produced, and who produces it.  When we deliberately eat local, we put ourselves back into the food commodity chain. We make a conscious choice, not a mindless one, and that makes a huge difference in food production.

How do you start?  Join a Community Supported Agriculture (CSA) group, start visiting a farmer’s market regularly.  To find a farmer, CSA, or market check out: http://www.localharvest.org  If you live in NE Ohio, check out localfoodcleveland.org or cityfresh.org.  Also, once you start going to farmer’s markets or subscribing to a CSA, the rest just sort of falls into place. You’ll hear about good CSAs and herd shares just by being around the farmers and asking questions, building relationships. The building relationships part is what is so cool. It doesn’t necessarily mean the farmers become your best friend, although, when that can happen it is a lot of fun. My first CSA was like that. But even if it is a mild relationship, a neighborly one, one where the farmer feels comfortable telling you about what’s happening on the farm, and you feel comfortable asking, that right there makes a HUGE difference in everyone’s food quality.

This is an exciting year for me as I get more involved with local CSA work!  I hope to get a chance to blog about it!

Growing and Eating Weeds

Cheeky Woodchuck

This has been an interesting year in our yard.  Last year was very wet, and as a result we got a lot of weeds this spring that I had never seen before.  They clearly loved the wet year last year, and were equally surprised by the extra hot (and cold) and dry spring we’ve had.  But, my violets are coming back, and the cheeky woodchuck, who ate every last one last year, is no where in sight!

Sorrel in my Iris Bed

The wood sorrel is blooming, and I have a host of new weeds to identify and figure out if they are keepers (edible and desirable to eat) or if they need to migrate to the compost pile.  I haven’t seen any purslane yet, and there is an unidentified weed in those beds, so I hope my favorite succulent comes back despite the competition.  My moss garden is spreading too, and I think in about 2 more seasons, my back yard is going to be quite edible and visually attractive.  This has been a slow process, but very fun.

Blueberries in Bloom

A friend asked me over the weekend how to get started with edible gardening.  Obviously, one way is to research edible plants, seek them out and plant them.  But, for those of you like me, who are low on funds, or time, or both, I’m finding this patience-method to work.  We spend time every year identifying what we want to eat (Sorrel, Purslane, Violets, Lambs Quarters), and what we can’t or won’t eat.  We pullwhat we won’t eat, and encourage what we will eat.  Every year we’ve gotten new edibles, and so far the ones we encourage seem to come back every year.

Garlic is Growing

But how do I know what is edible?  Well, I don’t.  But, the Geographer, who is also trained in Ecology does.  He spent a good chunk of his teenage and adult years studying plants.  Books like A Field Guide to Edible Wild Plants or A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants and Herbs can help.  What I find even more helpful is calling up our friends, the Foraging Family, and asking them, or using their well photographed blog as a resource.  They’re doing a series on wild edible recipes this year-definitely worth checking out!

Growing Miscellaneous

And of course, the gluten-free life is always there too.  In recent weeks we have had tons of success with tortillas, and soon I will have a whole post just for bread- I’m close to perfection here I think.  But, as those of you with complicated food restrictions know, it can be difficult to keep up with all this cooking, especially if you don’t feel well.  I haven’t been full strength now for a few months, but for a joyous reason– we’re growing here too!  We are expecting another little sous chef this fall!   My plan of keeping up the blog hasn’t been as easy as I thought.  Nor has cooking something a week out of Allergy-Free Deserts.  That said, in the last several weeks I have made 1) zucchini bread- it tasted JUST like my grandma’s- so good! and 2) Maple cookies- they were very good. My first batch didn’t work out for some reason, but the second batch, which I baked after letting the dough rest overnight in the fridge came out great.  Very similar to my ginger cookies I worked out over Christmas.

So what’s growing with you?  Love your CSA, your edibles?  Feel free to share your spring triumphs with the rest of us!


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Thoughts on the Allergy-Free Deserts Cookbook (and my all purpose flour blend recipe)

Despite my lack of posts, I am in fact managing to make a recipe a week out of Elizabeth Gordon’s cookbook Allergy-Free Deserts.  And if you haven’t done so already, go check out her blog.  I have tried 10 of her recipes so far, and I’d rate 8 out of 10 as top-notch, and the two that weren’t absolutely amazing, were so much better than anything else I’ve tried, and honestly the lack of perfection was probably user error.  Here are my thoughts:

Three cakes (with frosting):

I have made the Coconut Cake, Chocolate Zucchini Cupcakes, and let’s throw the Berry Muffins in here too, even though they aren’t technically cake.  All three are 5 out of 5 stars.  Just perfect.  They all had great taste and felt like cake.  None of them lasted long in this house and I served both the cake and cupcakes to family and friends who also agreed they were great!  I did try a version of the Vegan Buttercream Frosting on the coconut cake, and that was a 4 out of 5 for me, but I am sure that was my fault.  I didn’t follow the recipe exactly, so I can’t be surprised it wasn’t the same level of perfection that the rest of the delights in this book seem to be.

A slice of coconut cake.

Chocolate Zucchini Cupcakes (and a rhododendron branch)

Five other great baked goods:

The very first recipe I tried were the Cherry Crumb Bars.  Mine didn’t work out quite right, this is another 4 out of 5, but it was good and the crumb toping tasted like crumb topping should.  I think the problems I had were again user error.  Why can’t I follow a recipe properly?  Oh, and if you make it- use two cans of pie filling- one just doesn’t seem to be enough 🙂 .

In the perfect category are the Cinnamon Swirl Rolls, the Pumpkin Bread (which we have also made and gifted to a friend already), Free-form Raspberry Scones, and the Pancakes.  Ah the Pancakes.  Seriously, I have never had such a great gluten-free pancake.  In fact, you won’t even notice they are gluten-free.  They are easy to make, and come out perfect every time.  We’ve tried for over a year to make such satisfying pancakes.  This recipe alone is worth the price of the book (with that coconut cake and the muffins also worth the price of admission).

Which brings me to pie:

I haven’t actually made any of the pies in the book yet, but I have made the pie crust for a beef pot pie and a fig pie.  It is good.  It’s the best gluten-free crust I’ve found yet.  It still isn’t as perfect as I want a pie crust to be, but honestly, if I never find anything better than this, I’ll be happy.

Why the lack of photos?  Most things we ate so fast, we didn’t even stop to get the camera.  She has great photos in the book though.

Final Thoughts:

In my mind, two reasons these recipes are so great are 1) she’s trained in baking, so she knows what she’s doing but more importantly 2) she found a great flour blend that actually works.  If you are like us, first you start with a commercial blend, but it tastes off.  Then you start trying to make a blend yourself, but things don’t rise, the item is only good 10 minutes after you bake it, or it still tastes off.  I always thought this had something to do with us not using eggs.  Now I know it gluten-free and egg-free can be very satisfying.

Her blend is a combo of garbanzo bean, tapioca and potato starch flours (and she sells it pre-made).  I was already experimenting with something similar, and actually haven’t used her exact blend in any of these recipes.  Instead I have riffed off her proportions to come up with a millet-based blend.  We have some family with issues with beans, so we try not to cook with bean flours, especially if we want to share!  I’m still tweaking the proportions, but basically this is the flour blend I have been using:

  • 1/4 Cup millet flour
  • 1/4 cup sorghum flour
  • 1/4 cup potato starch OR sweet rice flour
  • 1/4 cup tapioca flour

If I need more flour, I up the proportion of millet and sorghum first and then the potato and tapioca.  I’m finding that as long as I use some combination of these flours, most recipes are fairly forgiving if I deviate from the proportions.

A year and a half in, and maybe, just maybe, we’re starting to figure this out 🙂


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Getting Started: Living Life Gluten-Free

I meant to write this post on our anniversary of being gluten-free, which was early last fall. The mad rush to preserve summer’s goodness got in the way of blogging then. Recently a couple of different people of mentioned to me or my husband that they want or need to be gluten-free- but where to start?

Here’s what worked for us. This isn’t the only way to do it. I offer our story as a menu to pick and choose from; maybe something on here will work for those of you considering* going gluten-free. A little over a year later and we have so many fewer ailments to deal with. Years of pain and related health troubles have been erased or reduced. Once you start feeling better, it is worth all the effort of getting started. And now? Gluten-free cooking is fairly easy. I wouldn’t go back- not for anything.

(*I should also say here that you should make all major diet changes with the advice of your health care professional)

First, find some support: For us, this came in several forms.

Books:

We read books that first educated us on Celiac’s Disease. One of my favorites is The Hidden Epidemic, by Peter Greene.

Real life people:

We also talked with friends who were already gluten-free. We knew at least 3 people before we made the switch ourselves. The best bit of advice that we got was, “Try it for 6 months to a year. If you don’t feel better, go back to wheat. What have you got to lose?”

There are lots of other support groups at www.celiac.com and www.celiac.org, along with tons of resources.

Enlist the support of family.

It is really hard to go gluten-free, or anything-free by yourself. When you are the one who is sick, it is hard to have the creative energy to figure this out. Find someone in your circle of family and friends who can help you cook the way you need to for a good 4-6 weeks. That way if you get overwhelmed, someone else is there keeping things on track. That’s how this blog was born. I have no food restrictions at all, but someone needed to help the Geographer get his diet under control. Now that I’ve navigated us to a stable, functional diet, he’s ready to get back in that kitchen!

It also helped to have the whole house follow the Geographer’s restrictions. We get enough cross-contamination when we’re out and about, we don’t need it in the house too. If you don’t have a food restriction, remember you can always get your favorite food when you eat out. Especially when you’re starting a diet with a new restriction, whether that is gluten or something else, having everyone on board helps you figure out how to live normal life with that restriction faster.

Social Media.

Facebook has several gluten-free groups. The one I’m in has people who post recipes and product information all the time. I know some of these people in real life too, which makes the group feel even more supportive. I’ve noticed Twitter also has a #glutenfree hash tag, so if you like to tweet, check them out!

Blogs:

There are tons of blogs. I didn’t find any in particular to follow, so I started my own. I’ve noticed that there are 2 tiers of gluten-free writing. There is a main tier for those with gluten as the only dietary restriction. Most blogs, cookbooks, and support are aimed at this group. If you fall in this group, you have a lot of choices for finding recipes. A lot of those recipes will work because they rely on egg or soy to give your cooking binding.

The second tier is where my household falls. We are finding more and more people with the same allergy list and the gluten intolerance/Celiac’s problem. If you can’t have egg, soy, and all the other things we can’t have, finding resources is harder. That’s why I started this blog. I’m trying to get resources in one place for folks like us. But, everything I post will work even if you only have a gluten problem.

Support is great, but what am I going to EAT?!

 Pre-Packaged:

More and more companies are offering gluten-free products. If you like the pre-made route, and you can have eggs and soy, most major grocery stores offer brands like Udi and Schar, with pre-made bread and pasta products. Amy’s Soups offer a wide range of gluten-free options, and there is always Bob’s Red Mill for various flours, cakes, and cookie mixes. Now that I’ve settled on the flour blend that works best for us, I buy those flours in bulk from the local natural food store. My favorite pasta brand is a quinoa/corn pasta from Ancient Harvest. I like it tons better than rice or plain corn pasta, and it is higher in protein, so there is no starch crash like traditional pasta has. If your grocery doesn’t carry what you’d like to buy, ask them to order it, or look on Amazon or Vitacost. Someone will sell you the food you want!

Homemade:

This is where people get worried, but really, even if you think you don’t like to cook, you can make your food from scratch. I spend about 1-2 hours a day on food prep, and I spend a little less than $10 per day per person on food in my house. It did take time to get it so streamlined, but it was worth the effort. We are gluten-free and it isn’t breaking the bank or taking all day to make the food. But, as you transition to cooking more, realize the beginning will have a learning curve. If you live in northern Ohio and want help, let me know. I love to consult with people and teach you the fine art of…..

Substitution:

If you are gluten-free or allergy-free, this is your cooking skill. You don’t have to toss out your favorite recipes. You have to learn to substitute. You need to figure out the flour blend the works for you. Start subbing there, and make changes as you go. The “Tips and Tricks” category on this blog is often about substitution. When I consult with people, I often just help them navigate how to substitute what they can have in for what they can’t. Our main substitutions are:

  • 1 cup all-purpose wheat flour= ¼ cup millet flour, ¼ cup sorghum, ¼ cup potato starch OR sweet rice flour, ¼ cup tapioca flour. If you can have eggs, you probably won’t need so many types of flour.
  • 1 egg= 1 tablespoon ground flax-seed steeped in 3 tablespoons boiling water
  • soy sauce and hoisin sauce
  • 1 cup rolled oatmeal= 1 cup quinoa flakes (this makes a great granola too!)
  • xanthan gum- most recipes that use flour need ½ to 1 teaspoon to aid in binding.
  • Creamed soups- I use Bette Hagman’s recipe from her Gluten-Free Gourmet book.
  • Gravy- replace wheat flour with brown rice flour in a basic roux
  • Tortillas- use lettuce wraps, or buy Mesa corn at the grocery, a tortilla press, and make them the traditional, wheat-free way
  • 1 tablespoon lemon= 1 tablespoon apple cider vinegar or 1 teaspoon tamarind concentrate
  • Palm shortening – I tried to do without this, but cookies and pie crust need a shortening, and this is the only kind out there that is soy-free
  • coconut oil- I couldn’t bake without it!

Books (part 2):

I cannot sing the praises of the Allergy-Free Desert Cookbook by Elizabeth Gordon enough. If you can’t have wheat or egg or soy or dairy, buy it. It is worth the investment. If your gluten-free cakes are disappointing, buy this book. If you are frustrated with pie dough, use this book. Every cake and pie crust I’ve made from this book so far is perfect. She has a blog too. Right now, that’s my favorite cookbook. I used to advocate for Bette Hagman’s books as a good GF starting point, but gluten-free cooking has come a long way since her time. If you need to read the classics, start with any of Hagman’s books, but if you just want to jump into what’s simple, start with Gordon’s book.

Snacks on the go:

This one has taken us the most time to figure out. What to snack on? The vending machine at work no longer works for us! Our short list includes: gluten-free crackers (Mediterranean Snack Food’s Baked Lentil Crackers and Blue Diamond’s Nut-Thins Crackers are our favorites), corn or potato chips, popcorn (We make it ourselves. I don’t know if microwave popcorn has gluten in it or not), nachos, fruit (grapes, dried fruit), quinoa granola, and well, now the list seems endless!

Eating out:

I’ve mentioned elsewhere on this blog about the national Gluten-free restaurant registry. But, we find that while restaurants do offer items that are gluten-free, they also can have cross contamination issues due to how food is handled in restaurants. If you are supper sensitive, give the restaurants a pass until your sensitivity calms down. Most areas now have gluten-free finder sites such as http://glutenfreetoledo.com/ and http://neohioceliac.com/restaurants.html.

Don’t dismiss the smaller, local places that don’t make it on these registries. If you have a favorite local place, call them. Tell them what you need, and they will likely accommodate you. Our most successful meals out have been at small, local places. We call ahead, the day or two before, and let them know what we need. They tell us if they can accommodate our needs and when they can meet our needs, we experience far fewer cases of cross contamination than at national chains.

Bread:

This is a tough one at first. We are so accustomed to store-bought bread, making it ourselves seems daunting. Now, if you can have eggs, you do have pre-made bread options at groceries (often in the frozen food aisle) and fresh-baked at natural foods stores. If you can’t have eggs, or don’t care for the taste and texture of pre-made GF bread, here are a couple of things that work for us:

  • Search for egg-free bread sites. I found this one, and have since modified the bread recipe, but it is by far the best I’ve found yet.
  • If you can have egg, this recipe is very good.
  • With slight modification, I have found this to be the best pizza dough recipe out there.
  • I’m working on a method of making bread in English muffin molds that make “sandwich-style” bread- watch for a post on that soon!
  • Remember, lettuce makes a great wrap for tuna salads, and even lunch meats.

Finally, the ultimate trick is to get into a rhythm of making the bread regularly once you find a recipe and method that works for you. We’re almost there, but not quite. Ideally, I’d like to make bread dough once a week and freeze it. Then thaw and bake when I need it.

What did I forget? Let me know if I left an element of gluten-free life off of the list, or, if you have your own experience or tip to add. After all, we’re all in this together!